Our language Geez


geezGeez  language is our ancient sacred language and our treasure.

 By the ninth or tenth centuries ancient Ge’ez ceased to exist as a spoken language in Ethiopia.

After the thirteenth century,  spoken Ge’ez also split into many closely related tongues, mainly Tigriña in the north and Amharic in the south.

However, written Ge’ez was kept firmly in use purely for sacred and scholarly endeavors, from the thirteenth through the seventeenth centuries, known as the “classical period” of Ethiopian literature.

For the purpose of analysis, the term “Ge’ez” will simply refer to the script and not the language, since the script is applicable to it’s modern counterparts.

However, the Beta Esrael kingdom has declared Geez as the official language.

According to the Book of Jubilees 4:11-13, ሄኖስ Henos {Enos} was born in Am 235, and “began to call on the name of the Lord {Amlak} on the earth.” He married No’am, and she bore him Kenan in the year 325 AM.
According to Genesis, Seth was 105 years old when Enos was born and Seth had further sons and daughters. Enos was the grandson of Adam and Eve. (Genesis 5:6-11}
Enos was the father of Kenan who was born when Enos was 90 years old. According to the Bible he died at the age of 905.

Genesis 4:26 says: “And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enosh; then began men to call upon the name of the Lord”

In Lemba Beta Esrael tradition, as it is the case in the general Ethiopian traditions, we venerate Enos as a “faithful and righteous servant of Egziabher {God}”, and we honor him and acknowledge him {Enos} as the one to whom the Geez alphabet was divinely revealed in its original consonant form only{ no vowel settings} to be used as an instrument for codifying the laws{ Te’ezaza} And to this day Lemba Beta Esrael reveres the Geez Language as the sacred language given from Semayat {heavens} from our Amlak {lord }, The Amlak of all Spirit and all Flesh.
The Sacred ‘’Geez’’ Language is indeed declared as the official language of the ‘’Lemba Beta Esrael Kingdom’’
The Ethiopic (Ge’ez) script was originally adapted as the writing system of the Ge’ez language, the Geez language was spoken in Ethiopia and Eritrea until the 10th to the 12th centuries. Nowadays, Geez is no longer spoken as a secular language in Ethiopia and Eritrea but its script is still widely used for writing the Ethiopian and Eritrean Semitic languages such as Tigré, Amharic and Tigrinya and liturgical function in temples and churches. In some languages, the script is called fidäl (ፊደል), which means ‘alphabet’, and individual letters are referred to as fidel. Unlike other Semitic scripts, Ethiopic/Geez script is written horizontally from left to right.
The original Ge’ez script was an abjad – and no vowels – but the current script is classified as an abugida. Each symbol represents a consonant/vowel syllable, but vowels are not inherent in the consonant. The original Ethiopic script contained 182 characters, although the basic (unmarked) consonants number only 26.
One of the main properties of Ge’ez is it’s pictography, meaning that the existing syllographs are derived from “images drawn or adapted from nature and the peoples’ relation to it.” The Ge’ez system has five major properties: pictography, ideography, astrography, numerology and, syllagraphy (Though it could be argued that the Roman system also has numerology in the use of Roman numerals, it is nowhere near the numeric scope of Ge’ez).
Ge’ez is a more abstracted pictographic language. An example of a pictograph in the Ge’ez system is the second graph, Bä) as in Bèt (house) provides a stylized view of a door. The pictographic element is also evident in the first letter Hä ( ), as the beginning of a lion, the alphabet, and the world, as mentioned earlier. Ideography, the second property of Ge’ez, means that the syllographs symbolize different ideas, value systems, and philosophical and social orders. There are seven columns of, or variations on, each of the main symbols. A symbol’s column designates a vowel sound to go with it, while the combined columns of a main character from a row, or class. A syllograph’s class associates it with different ideological elements. For example, the sixth class, (Rä) has the nomenclature of Re’es, head leader or chief. The words generally associated with the sixth class generally refer to some kind of secular leadership, as in the case of “Re’esa Mange’st”, or Head of State.

The Ge’ez script has been adapted to write other, mostly Semitic, languages, particularly Amharic in Ethiopia, and Tigrinya in both Eritrea and Ethiopia. Tigrinya, Amharic Tigre/Tigrait are the common derivate languages that resemble the Geez language but, the Tigre/Tigrait language spoken by the Beja people In Eritrea and southeastern Sudan, is considered to resemble Ge’ez more than do the other derivative languages.
We are happy to present the basic 26 consonants below:



Geez syllable HA. the beginning of a lion, the alphabet, and the world,
Geez syllable LA
Geez syllable HHA
Geez syllable MA
Geez syllable SZA
Geez syllable RA
Geez syllable SA
Geez syllable QA
Geez syllable BA
Geez syllable TA
Geez syllable XA
Geez syllable NA
Geez syllable glottal A
Geez syllable KA
Geez syllable WA
Geez syllable pharyngeal A
Geez syllable ZA
Geez syllable YA
Geez syllable DA
Geez syllable GA
Geez syllable THA
Geez syllable PHA
Geez syllable TSA
Geez syllable TZA
Geez syllable FA
Geez syllable PA. the ending


Astrography, or the charting of the stars and hence,
the calendar, is the third property of the Ge’ez system. The
system, with it’s 26 classes and 7 variations provide its total of 182
syllographs. One hundred and eighty two, being half of 364,
represents a half-year or one equinox. In the Ethiopian
calendar, where the months all contain 30 days,
(with the exception of an additional month
that has only five or six days) each half year begins on April 1st and October
1st. Each of the 182 syllographs
represent one day in each
equinox. The extra day on the
western calendar can be
attributed to discrepancies
between solar and
equinoctical measurement.
The seven variations of each
class represent the seven
days of the week, beginning
with Ge’ez (Sunday) and
ending with Sabat (Saturday). 21
Each of the syllographs
have a corresponding number
value from 1-5600. The number
values associated with each syllograph
also contains codes of the Ethiopian
knowledge (mystery) system. The numerical
values assigned to syllographs and words in the old
testament give insights into interpretation and provide memory
markers for the oral retelling of the stories.

Below is a chart showing the syllographs, columns and numbers. And also a table showing 7 columns in relation to their syllographs


geez chart
Numerical value of the Geez writing system
The seven columns represent seven days of the week:
  1. Ge’ez
  2. ka’eb
  3. Salis
  4. Rab’e
  5. Hamis.
  6. Sadis
  7. Sab’e


Seven columns
The seven columns represent seven days of the week:

Currently many Beta Esrael peoples are learning Geez for communicative purposes but mainly as a way of returning to their ancient customs and traditions.

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